Claudia Pasquero and Marco Poletto, founders of ecoLogicStudio and their research partners The Synthetic Landscape Lab at Innsbruck University and the Urban Morphogenesis Lab at the Bartlett UCL present BIT.BIO.BOT.
Created for the the 17th International Architecture Exhibition — La Biennale di Venezia, curated by Hashim Sarkis, the 1:1 scale installation comprises an immersive experiment in the domestic cultivation of the urban microbiome. The experimental space was designed to test the co-existence between human and non-human organisms in the post-pandemic urbansphere.
"BIT.BIO.BOT contributes to questioning and re-designing some of the logics which led us to the current health crisis. If we, collectively, daily and locally, will contribute to transforming air pollutants and water contaminants into highly nutritious aliments, there will be fewer opportunities for unbalanced viral ecologies to exploit unsustainable food supply chains and polluted atmospheres to reach our organism and cause us harm." — Claudia Pasquero, co-founder of ecoLogicStudio
The installation is an urban laboratory that combines advanced architecture with microbiology to build an artiﬁcial habitat, managed by a collection of systems which enable the cultivation of microalgae in the urban realm.
The core biological mechanisms of BIT.BIO.BOT is the process of photosynthesis, powered by the sun and by the metabolism of living cultures of Spirulina Platensis, single-celled microbes that are often referred to as blue-green microalgae, and Chlorella SP. These living organisms are among the oldest on Earth, and have developed a unique biological intelligence that enables them to convert solar radiation into actual oxygen and biomass with "unrivalled efficiency".
The advanced architectural system on show at the Corderie is the result of 10 years of bio-digital design research, developed by ecoLogicStudio and combining computational design strategies (BIT) with proprietary fabrication techniques (BOT) to implement a collective microbiological cultivation protocol (BIO).
BIT.BIO.BOT is composed of three ﬂuidly interconnected systems that embody the fundamental architectural environments of a future dwelling: the Living Cladding, the Vertical Garden and the Convivium.
The Living Cladding re-deﬁnes the limits between human and non-human realms and between architectural indoor and outdoor. It is composed of ten PhotoSynthEtica curtains. The unique version unveiled at the Corderie features a morphological pattern inspired by the surrounding brick walls, highlighting the microbiological nature of the Venetian architectural fabric. Furthermore, its articulation increases the interaction between micro-algae growth in the bio-gel medium, and the environment, as well as their screening and shading potential. Each curtain is three metres high and one metre wide, and features 35 metres of digital welding, which forms a cavity capable of containing 7 litres of micro-algae cultures.
The Vertical Garden creates a thick buffer zone located between the Living Cladding and the Convivium, dedicated to an intensive model of vertical algae farming. On a three-metre tall and completely reversible stainless steel structure, it hosts 15 Bio-Bombolas – the proprietary domestic algae garden system developed by ecoLogicStudio in response to the challenges of the ﬁrst Covid-19 lockdown, in Spring 2020.
Each unit of Vertical Garden, made of lab grade borosilicate glass and 3D printed bioplastic components, hosts 10 litres of micro-algae cultures in a highly eﬃcient growing medium. Algae can be independently harvested from each unit several times per week to collect up to one hundred grams of biomass, which is the daily recommended protein intake of a family of four. While active in production, the Vertical Garden is able to absorb CO2 at a rate equal to three large mature trees, providing a clear path to carbon neutrality in architecture.
The Convivium is a space for sharing and for collective experimentation on the future of food. It takes the form of a 2 x 2 metre table, which hosts 36 unique pieces of crystal glassware designed to encourage experimentation in the consumption of the freshly harvested Chlorella and Spirulina cells, both of which are among the most nutritious organisms on Earth.
The crystal glassware is designed by ecoLogicStudio and 3D printed by Swarovski with its groundbreaking glass printing technology. Each piece is made of delicately fused glass layers – arranged in a matrix that algorithmically follows the morphogenesis of micro-algae cells, thus generating a variety of visual patterns. These will offer a multiplicity of opportunities to observe, transform and taste microalgae as part of a new culinary landscape.
The entire installation – as well as the individual systems – are fully reversible. At the end of the Biennale Architettura, in November 2021, each unit will become an educational algae garden. Thanks to an anonymous supporter, and in collaboration with the Destination Wattens project, ecoLogicStudio has donated the piece and has already secured the relocation of BIT.BIO.BOT within the Tyrolean landscape, to become the centre of educational and harvesting activities within the local community, centered on the topic of future food.
All images credited to ©Marco Cappelletti